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 Asunto: Re: La otra ópera
NotaPublicado: 16 Oct 2020 17:46 
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Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold (1921-2006) He was born in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England, the youngest of five children from a prosperous Northampton family of shoemakers. Although shoemakers, his family was full of musicians; both of his parents were pianists, and his aunt was a violinist. After seeing Louis Armstrong play in Bournemouth, he took up the trumpet at the age of 12 and five years later won a scholarship to the Royal College of Music (R.C.M.). At the RCM he studied composition with Gordon Jacob and the trumpet with Ernest Hall. In 1941 he joined the London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO) as second trumpet and became principal trumpet in 1943. In 1941 he registered as a conscientious objector, and was initially exempted from military service conditional upon joining the National Fire Service, but in the event he was allowed to continue in the LPO. In 1944, after his brother in the Royal Air Force had been killed, he volunteered for military service. When the army put him in a military band he shot himself in the foot to get back to civilian life; he remained in touch with the CO movement, giving a trumpet recital at the 1946 New Year party of the Central Board for Conscientious Objectors. After a season as principal trumpet with the BBC Symphony Orchestra he returned in 1946 to the London Philharmonic, where he remained until 1948, leaving to become a full-time composer.

He was ranked with Benjamin Britten as one of the most sought-after composers in Britain. His natural melodic gift earned him a reputation as a composer of light music in works such as some of his concert overtures and the sets of Welsh, English, Scottish, Irish and Cornish dances. He was also a highly successful composer of film music, penning the scores to over a hundred features and documentaries, including titles such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, Hobson's Choice and the St Trinian's series. His nine symphonies are often deeply personal and show a more serious side to his work, which has proved more controversial. Arnold also wrote a variety of concertos and chamber works, as well as music for the theatre including major ballets.

By 1961 Arnold had a reputation for being unpleasant, frequently drunk and highly promiscuous. He divorced his first wife in that year. His second wife was forced to take out a court order after they separated. After the divorce he made two suicide attempts. His later years saw a decline in both his health and his finances. In 1978 he was treated as an in-patient for several months in the acute psychiatric ward at the Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, London, and in 1979 he entered St Andrew's Hospital in his home town of Northampton to be treated for depression and alcoholism. He overcame both, despite being given only a year to live in the early 1980s. He lived for 22 more years, albeit with a carer, Anthony Day, and completed his Ninth and final symphony in 1986. By the time of his 70th birthday in 1991 his artistic reputation with the general public was recovering and he was even able to enjoy a triumphant appearance on the stage of the Royal Albert Hall to receive an ovation after a Proms performance of his Guitar Concerto. Arnold died at the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, on 23 September 2006, aged 84, after suffering from a chest infection. That same day his last work, The Three Musketeers, was premiered in a Northern Ballet production at the Bradford Alhambra. (The score included no new music by Arnold, but excerpts from various of his compositions were arranged by John Longstaff. The original score was compiled by Anthony Meredith.)

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The Dancing Master, opera en un acto (1952). Fragmento.

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 Asunto: Re: La otra ópera
NotaPublicado: 23 Oct 2020 17:18 
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Harald Weiss (*1949) He was born in Salzgitter. Weiss's compositions are influenced by minimalism, as well as jazz and rock musics. Numerous trips (in the context of theater workshops and tours) to Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America have also had a significant influence on his music. Weiss has received many awards for his musical compositions and films, including the Niedersachsen Kulturpreis (1982), the Kulturpreis of Bielefeld (1984), and a fellowship from the Villa Massimo in Rome (1985-1986). In 2009 Dorothee Mields and Andreas Karasiak were the soloists in his requiem composition Schwarz vor Augen und es ward Licht! dedicated to the Knabenchor Hannover, premiered on 31 October 2009 with the NDR Symphony Orchestra. Weiss has lived in Majorca, Spain since 1984, and his music is published by Schott Music.

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Arche, Musiktheater (1984). Comienzo.


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 Asunto: Re: La otra ópera
NotaPublicado: 30 Oct 2020 21:00 
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Robert Frank Kurka (1921-1957) He was born in Cicero, Illinois. He was mostly self-taught as a musician. He studied for short periods under Darius Milhaud and Otto Luening, and received his Master of Arts degree in music from Columbia University in 1948. After that he lived most of his life in New York. Kurka held teaching positions at City College of New York, Queens College and Dartmouth College. He wrote a total of two symphonies, five string quartets, six violin sonatas, and other works for piano, voice, and chorus. He is probably best known for the instrumental suite, The Good Soldier Schweik. This was inspired by Jaroslav Hašek's anti-war novel The Good Soldier Schweik, published in English translation in 1956. Kurka expanded his music for an opera of the same name, completed just before his death in 1957. The libretto was written by Abe Meeropol of New York, who in 1937 had written the song, "Strange Fruit" about lynchings in the American South. The opera's orchestration was completed by Hershy Kay. The Good Soldier Schweik premiered at the New York City Opera on April 23, 1958. Its music attracted critical comparisons to the compositions of Kurt Weill, especially for its satirical, ironic bent and incorporation of popular styles. Kurka died of leukemia in New York City.

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Good Soldier Schweik, ópera en dos actos (1957). Fragmento.

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 Asunto: Re: La otra ópera
NotaPublicado: 06 Nov 2020 22:08 
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Goffredo Petrassi 1904-2003) He was born at Zagarolo, near Rome. At the age of 15 he began to work at a music shop to supply his family's financial needs, and became fascinated by music. In 1928, he entered the Santa Cecilia Conservatory in Rome to study organ and composition. In 1934, composer Alfredo Casella conducted Petrassi's Partita for orchestra at the ISCM festival in Amsterdam. Later, Petrassi became musical director of the opera house La Fenice, and from 1959 taught composition at the Santa Cecilia Conservatory and at the Salzburg Mozarteum. Petrassi had many famous students, including Franco Donatoni, Aldo Clementi, Cornelius Cardew, Ennio Morricone, Karl Korte, Boris Porena, Norma Beecroft, Mario Bertoncini, Ernesto Rubin de Cervin, Eric Salzman, Kenneth Leighton, Peter Maxwell Davies, Michael Dellaira, Armando Santiago, and Richard Teitelbaum.

Petrassi's early work was part of an attempt by several Italian composers to create a national "Italian" revival in classical music, corresponding to the romantic work of Germans such as Richard Wagner. During this time, his work was characteristically neoclassical in style, influenced by Bartók, Hindemith and Stravinsky. In later years, Petrassi's open musical mind and acute personality led him to experiment with different post-Webernian influences and a wide range of poetic materials, from Latin hymns to Ariosto's La follia d'Orlando and Ritratto di Don Chisciotte (Portrait of Don Quixote), based on the Miguel de Cervantes literary character. All these influences are present in a remarkable series of eight Concerti for Orchestra which he composed between the late 1930s and the late 1970s. Petrassi stopped composing in 1986 due to increasing loss of eyesight.

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Il Cordovano, ópera en un acto (1948). Comienzo.

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 Asunto: Re: La otra ópera
NotaPublicado: 13 Nov 2020 14:35 
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Pavel Vranický (1756-1808) He was born in Neureisch (Nová Říše) in Habsburg, Moravia. He studied at the Faculty of Theology of University of Olomouc and later a theological seminary in Vienna. At age 20, like so many other Czech composers of that period, he moved to Vienna to seek out opportunities within the Austrian imperial capital. From 1790, he conducted both royal theater orchestras. He was highly respected by Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven; the latter two preferred him as conductor of their new works (e.g., Beethoven's First Symphony in 1800). Wranitzky was a prolific composer. His output comprises ten operas, 44 symphonies, at least 56 string quartets (some sources give a number as high as 73) and a large amount of other orchestral and chamber music. His opera, Oberon, König der Elfen from 1789 was a favorite in this genre and inspired Emanuel Schikaneder to write the libretto of The Magic Flute for Mozart in 1791; in the mid-1790s, Goethe sought to collaborate with Wranitzky on a sequel to the Mozart opera. Today, Wranitzky is identified as being one of three possible composers said to have composed the Austrian national anthem (the identity of the actual composer is not definitively known). Wranitzky died in Vienna on 29 September 1808. Beethoven wrote Variations on a Russian Dance (WoO 71), based on a theme in Wranitzky's opera Das Waldmädchen (The Forest Maiden).

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Oberon, König der Elfen, Singspiel (1789). Aria: Dies ist des edlen Hüons' Sprache.

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 Asunto: Re: La otra ópera
NotaPublicado: 20 Nov 2020 15:49 
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Manos Tsangaris (*1956) He was born in Düsseldorf. Tsangaris studied composition and New Music Theatre with Mauricio Kagel and percussion with Christoph Caskel at the Musikhochschule (Academy of Music) in Cologne. Since the 1970s, Manos Tsangaris has consistently made the conditions of a performance the central focus for compositions in various artistic formats. In1991, Tsangaris was Composer in Residence in Moscow at the invitation of the Soviet Union of Composers. In the same year, he initiated the “Praemoderne” congress in Cologne. In 1991 he received the Bernd Alois Zimmermann Grant from the City of Cologne, and in 1993/94 a grant from the “Akademie Schloss Solitude”, Stuttgart. In 1997 he was presented with the Art Award of the Berlin Academy of Arts. In 1998 he stayed at the Villa Serpentara, Olevano, and in 2009 he was guest of honour at the Villa Massimo in Rome. In 1991 he lectured at the summer academy Civitella d'Agliano (Italy), in 2002 he taught transdisciplinary composition at NY Musikk in Oslo and Stavanger(Norway) and in 2003 at the Klang Kunst Bühne summer academy of the Berlin University of the Arts. In 2007/08 he was in charge of the academy project of the European Center of the Arts in Dresden at the Hellerau Festival Centre with 20 recipients of grants.

Batsheba. Eat The History!, installation opera (2008-2009). Fragmento.

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